Treatments For 10 Of The Most Common Childhood Illnesses

As parents, we’re sure you would want to give the best possible treatment for your child whenever they become ill. One way of doing this is to keep yourself up-to-date on treatment guidelines, ensuring that you’re providing not just the best but also the most appropriate care possible. Whilst your health insurance might come in handy for in-hospital treatments, there are always things you can do at home as well!

Below, you’ll find some information provided for by the American Academy of Pediatrics, which enumerates the most common childhood illnesses and their approved treatments. However, do remember that if your child has a medical condition or is known to have allergies, it would be best to discuss the treatments with them first to avoid complications. They should be able to offer you alternatives if this is the case.


This is one of the most common ailments a child can get and also tends to be quite painful. A common sore throat, often caused by a virus, requires no antibiotics. In a lot of the cases, medication wouldn’t be needed either and your child only needs a degree of rest in order to get better—usually within a week or so.

However, if the sore throat is caused by a streptococcal infection, you’ll need a proper diagnosis for it. A lab test or a rapid strep test should help make sure if your child has strep throat. In the event that they do, your pediatrician will prescribe an antibiotic and you’ll need to make sure they take the full course—even after the symptoms have gone away.

Note that steroid medication, including prednisone, is that an appropriate treatment for most sore throat cases.

Keep in mind that both babies and toddlers rarely get strep throat, but they can still get infected if someone in the house has the illness.


This is another common ailment in children and can have a number of different causes. This includes ear infection, pressure from a sinus infection or a cold, swimmer’s ear, and teeth pain among others. For this, you’ll need to get your child examined so that they can give a proper diagnosis. If you observe that the ear pain comes with a degree of fever or is felt in both ears, your pediatrician might prescribe an antibiotic treatment.

The most commonly prescribed is amoxicillin, unless the patient has a known allergy towards penicillin or is experiencing repeat infections. However, “true” ear infections are often viral and will not require antibiotics. Instead, your pediatrician will provide you tips on how best to relieve the ear pain until the virus runs its course.


UTI can affect children from infancy through their teens and up until adulthood. Some of the symptoms you need to watch out for include, pain or burning sensations during urination, the urge to pee frequently, accidental bedwetting, side or back pain, and abdominal pain.

Your doctor will ask for a urine sample before they can determine the right course of treatment. You’d be glad to know that most health insurance covers the costs for these tests.


For most children who have skin infections, a skin test will be required to properly determine the appropriate treatment they’ll need. Always be clear with your doctor and mention if your child has a history of staph infection, MRSA, or if they have been exposed to some infection through contact with others.


This often refers to chronic bronchitis and is also often seen in adults. It is an infection of the central airways in the lungs and is commonly thought of as a chest virus. For treatment, it typically won’t require antibiotics.


This is most common in both infants and young children during the flu season. Watch out for any wheezing sounds whenever your child breathes. As it is typically caused by viruses, antibiotics will not be required.

Treatment usually consists of keeping the child comfortable and ensuring they are well hydrated, are eating well, and closely monitored for breathing difficulty. You can look into online classes that teach caregiving techniques to better prepare for these instances!

Note that medication used for asthma is not recommended for use in very young children.


Narcotic pain medications should be avoided, especially if the pain is caused by common injury, sore throat, or ear pain. Codeine is an absolute no-no for children as it can cause severe respiratory issues and may even be fatal.

The best medication for relieving pain in children would be ibuprofen and acetaminophen. However, it would be good to talk to your physician about the proper dosage. This is typically based upon the weight of your child. Do put in investments towards a stock of these OTC medications!


These are usually caused by viruses in the upper respiratory tract. Children are very susceptible to it and it isn’t uncommon for them to experience 6 to 8 colds every year. The symptoms usually last for ten or so days. If you suspect a sinus infection, it is recommended that you take your child to the doctor so that they may diagnose them properly.


As the name suggests, this is caused by bacteria trapped in the sinuses. It is accompanied by flu-like symptoms such as daytime cough and nasal discharge. This can last over ten days. You might need antibiotics if the symptoms come with a degree of fever that lasts 3 or more days in a row, as well as thick and yellow nasal discharge.


These are often caused by viruses so they don’t require treatment using antibiotics. Note that cough medicine isn’t recommended for use in children below 4 years old and those who are about 6 years of age unless your doctor advises it. Doing so poses a risk for serious side-effects. Narcotic cough medicines should also be avoided.

Remember, when it comes to treating your child at home, it is always best to call their pediatrician or an expert should you be in doubt. Better safe than sorry!

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